Project Description

TP21: Metabolic regulation of the virus-specific T cell response in viral hepatitis

Exhausted virus-specific T cells with reduced antiviral function are enriched during unsuccessful immune responses in patients with chronic Hepatitis B and C infection. Our previous work suggest that this is due to regulation of cellular metabolism. In this project, we aim to understand by a combination of cytometry and metabolic analyses how changes in T cell metabolism influence the T cell response in viral hepatitis. We hypothesize that different metabolic programming secondary to differences in antigen recognition and inflammation determine the severity of T cell exhaustion.
Winkler F, Hipp AV, Ramirez C, Martin B, Villa M, Neuwirt E, Gorka O, Aerssens J, Johansson SE, Rana N, Llewellyn-Lacey S, Price DA, Panning M, Gross O, Pearce EL, Herrmann CM, Schumann K, Hannibal L, Neumann-Haefelin C, Boettler T, Knolle P, Hofmann M, Wohlleber D, Thimme R, Bengsch B. Enolase represents a metabolic checkpoint controlling the differential exhaustion programs of hepatitis virus-specific CD8+ T cells. Gut accepted (TP01, TP02, TP04, TP05, TP13, TP20, TP21, Z03)
Luxenburger H, Reeg D, Lang-Meli J, Reinscheid M, Eisner M, Bettinger D, Oberhardt V, Alizei ES, Wild K,Graeser A, Karl V, Sagar, Emmerich F, Klein F, Panning M, Huzly D, Bengsch B, Boettler T, Elling R, Thimme R, Hofmann M, Neumann-Haefelin C. (2023) Boosting compromised SARS-CoV-2-specific immunity with mRNA vaccination in liver transplant recipients. J Hepatol. 78(5):1017-1027. doi: 10.1016/j.jhep.2023.02.007.
Reinscheid M, Luxenburger H, Karl V, Graeser A, Giese S, Ciminski K, Reeg DB, Oberhardt V, Roehlen N, Lang-Meli J, Heim K, Gross N, Baum C, Rieg S, Speer C, Emmerich F, Breisinger S, Steinmann D, Bengsch B, Boettler T, Kochs G, Schwemmle M, Thimme R, Neumann-Haefelin C, Hofmann M. (2022) COVID-19 mRNA booster vaccine induces transient CD8+ T effector cell responses while conserving the memory pool for subsequent reactivation. Nat Commun. 13(1):4631. doi: 10.1038/s41467-022-32324-x.
Barsch M, Salié H, Schlaak AE, Zhang Z, Hess M, Mayer LS, Tauber C, Otto-Mora P, Ohtani T, Nilsson T, Wischer L, Winkler F, Manne S, Rech A, Schmitt-Graeff A, Bronsert P, Hofmann M, Neumann-Haefelin C, Boettler T, Fichtner-Feigl S, van Boemmel F, Berg T, Rimassa L, Di Tommaso L, Saeed A, D'Alessio A, Pinato DJ, Bettinger D, Binder H, Wherry JE, Schultheiss M, Thimme R, Bengsch B. (2022) T-cell exhaustion and residency dynamics inform clinical outcomes in hepatocellular carcinoma. J Hepatol. 77(2):397-409. doi: 10.1016/j.jhep.2022.02.032.
Lang-Meli J, Luxenburger H, Wild K, Karl V, Oberhardt V, Salimi Alizei E, Graeser A, Reinscheid M, Roehlen N, Reeg DB, Giese S, Ciminski K, Götz V, August D, Rieg S, Waller CF, Wengenmayer T, Staudacher D, Huzly D, Bengsch B, Kochs G, Schwemmle M, Emmerich F, Boettler T, Thimme R, Hofmann M, Neumann-Haefelin C. (2022) SARS-CoV-2-specific T-cell epitope repertoire in convalescent and mRNA-vaccinated individuals. Nat Microbiol. 7(5):675-679. doi: 10.1038/s41564-022-01106-y.
Boettler T, Csernalabics B, Salié H, Luxenburger H, Wischer L, Alizei ES , Zoldan K, Krimmel L, Bronsert P, Schwabenland M, Prinz M, Mogler C, Neumann-Haefelin C, Thimme R, Hofmann M, Bengsch B. (2022) SARS-CoV-2 vaccination can elicit a CD8 T-cell dominant hepatitis. J Hepatol. 77(3):653-659
Wild K, Smits M, Killmer S, Strohmeier S, Neumann-Haefelin C, Bengsch B, Krammer F, Schwemmle M, Hofmann M, Thimme R, Zoldan K, Boettler T. (2021) Pre-existing immunity and vaccine history determine hemagglutinin-specific CD4 T cell and IgG response following seasonal influenza vaccination. Nat Commun. 18;12(1):6720. doi: 10.1038/s41467-021-27064-3.
Schulien I, Kemming J, Oberhardt V, Wild K, Seidel LM, Killmer S, Sagar, Daul F, Salvat Lago M, Decker A, Luxenburger H, Binder B, Bettinger D, Sogukpinar O, Rieg S, Panning M, Huzly D, Schwemmle M, Kochs G, Waller CF, Nieters A, Duerschmied D, Emmerich F, Mei HE, Schulz AR, Llewellyn-Lacey S, Price DA, Boettler T, Bengsch B, Thimme R, Hofmann M, Neumann-Haefelin C. (2021) Characterization of pre-existing and induced SARS-CoV-2-specific CD8+ T cells. Nat Med. 27(1):78-85. doi: 10.1038/s41591-020-01143-2.
Oberhardt V, Luxenburger H, Kemming J, Schulien I, Ciminski K, Giese S, Csernalabics B, Lang-Meli J, Janowska I, Staniek J, Wild K, Basho K, Marinescu MS, Fuchs J, Topfstedt F, Janda A, Sogukpinar O, Hilger H, Stete K, Emmerich F, Bengsch B, Waller CF, Rieg S, Sagar, Boettler T, Zoldan K, Kochs G, Schwemmle M, Rizzi M, Thimme R, Neumann-Haefelin C, Hofmann M. (2021) Rapid and stable mobilization of CD8+ T cells by SARS-CoV-2 mRNA vaccine. Nature. 597(7875):268-273. doi: 10.1038/s41586-021-03841-4.
Rennert C, Tauber C, Fehrenbach P, Heim K, Bettinger D, Sogukpinar Ö, Schuch A, Zecher BF, Bengsch B, Lang SA, Bronsert P, Björkström NK, Fichtner-Feigl S, Schultheiss M, Thimme R, Hofmann M. (2021) Adaptive subsets limit the anti-tumoral NK-cell activity in hepatocellular carcinoma. Cells. 2;10(6):1369. doi: 10.3390/cells10061369.
Schwabenland M, Salié H, Tanevski J, Killmer S, Lago MS, Schlaak AE, Mayer L, Matschke J, Püschel K, Fitzek A, Ondruschka B, Mei HE, Boettler T, Neumann-Haefelin C, Hofmann M, Breithaupt A, Genc N, Stadelmann C, Saez-Rodriguez J, Bronsert P, Knobeloch KP, Blank T, Thimme R, Glatzel M, Prinz M, Bengsch B. (2021) Deep spatial profiling of human COVID-19 brains reveals neuroinflammation with distinct microanatomical microglia-T cell interactions. Immunity. 13;54(7):1594-1610.e11. doi: 10.1016/j.immuni.2021.06.002.
Basho K, Zoldan K, Schultheiss M, Bettinger D, Globig A-M, Bengsch B, Neumann-Haefelin C, Klocperk A, Warnatz K, Hofmann M, Thimme R, Boettler T. (2021) IL-2 contributes to cirrhosis-associated immune dysfunction by impairing follicular T helper cells in advanced cirrhosis. J Hepatol. 74(3):649-660. doi: 10.1016/j.jhep.2020.10.012.
Hensel N, Gu Z, Sagar, Wieland D, Jechow K, Kemming J, Llewellyn-Lacey S, Gostick E, Sogukpinar O, Emmerich F, Price DA, Bengsch B, Boettler T, Neumann-Haefelin C, Eils R, Conrad C, Bartenschlager R, Grün D, Ishaque N, Thimme R, Hofmann M. (2021) Memory-like HCV-specific CD8+ T cells retain a molecular scar after cure of chronic HCV infection. Nat Immunol. 22(2):229-239. doi: 10.1038/s41590-020-00817-w.
Heim K, Binder B, Sagar, Wieland D, Hensel N, Llewellyn-Lacey S, Gostick E, Price DA, Emmerich F, Vingerhoet H, Kraft ARM, Cornberg M, Boettler T, Neumann-Haefelin C, Zehn D, Bengsch B, Hofmann M, Thimme R. (2020) TOX defines the degree of CD8+ T cell dysfunction in distinct phases of chronic HBV infection. Gut. 70(8): 1550–1560. doi: 10.1136/gutjnl-2020-322404
Schulien I, Kemming J, Oberhardt V, Wild K, Seidel LM, Killmer S, Sagar, Daul F, Salvat Lago M, Decker A, Luxenburger H, Binder B, Bettinger D, Sogukpinar O, Rieg S, Panning M, Huzly D, Schwemmle M, Kochs G, Waller CF, Nieters A, Duerschmied D, Emmerich F, Mei HE, Schulz AR, Llewellyn-Lacey S, Price DA, Boettler T, Bengsch B, Thimme R, Hofmann M, Neumann-Haefelin C. Characterization of pre-existing and induced SARS-CoV-2-specific CD8+ T cells. Nat Med. 2020 Nov 12. doi: 10.1038/s41591-020-01143-2. (TP01, TP02, TP11, TP20, TP21)

Schuch A, Salimi Alizei E, Heim K, Wieland D, Kiraithe MM, Kemming J, Llewellyn-Lacey S, Sogukpinar Ö, Ni Y, Urban S, Zimmermann P, Nassal M, Emmerich F, Price DA, Bengsch B, Luxenburger H, Neu-mann-Haefelin C, Hofmann M, Thimme R. 2019. Phenotypic and functional differences of HBV core-specific versus HBV polymerase-specific CD8+ T cells in chronically HBV-infected patients with low vi-ral load. Gut. 68(5):905-915.
Qiu J, Villa M, Sanin DE, Buck MD, O'Sullivan D, Ching R, Matsushita M, Grzes KM, Winkler F, Chang CH, Curtis JD, Kyle RL, Van Teijlingen Bakker N, Corrado M, Haessler F, Alfei F, Edwards-Hicks J, Maggi LB Jr, Zehn D, Egawa T, Bengsch B, Klein Geltink RI, Jenuwein T, Pearce EJ, Pearce EL. 2019. Acetate Promotes T Cell Effector Function during Glucose Restriction. Cell Rep. 27(7):2063-2074.e5
Manske K, Kallin N, König V, Schneider A, Kurz S, Bosch M, Welz M, Cheng RL, Bengsch B, Steiger K, Protzer U, Thimme R, Knolle PA, Wohlleber D. 2018. Outcome of anti-viral immunity in the liver is shaped by the level of antigen expressed in infected hepatocytes. Hepatology. 68(6):2089-2105
Bengsch B, Ohtani T, Khan O, Setty M, Manne S, O'Brien S, Gherardini PF, Herati RS, Huang AC, Chang KM, Newell EW, Bovenschen N, Pe'er D, Albelda SM, Wherry EJ. 2018. Epigenomic-Guided Mass Cytometry Profiling Reveals Disease-Specific Features of Exhausted CD8 T Cells. Immunity. 48(5):1029-1045.e5.
Bengsch B, Johnson AL, Kurachi M, Odorizzi PM, Pauken KE, Attanasio J, Stelekati E, McLane LM, Paley MA, Delgoffe GM, Wherry EJ. 2016. Bioenergetic insufficiencies due to metabolic alterations are an early driver of CD8 T cell exhaustion. Immunity. 45(2):358-73.
Bengsch B*, Martin B*, Thimme R. 2014. Restoration of HBV-specific CD8+ T-cell function by PD-1 blockade in inactive carrier patients is linked to T-cell differentiation. J Hepatol. 61(6):1212-9
Seigel B, Bengsch B, Lohmann V, Bartenschlager R, Blum HE, Thimme R. 2013. Factors That Determine the Antiviral Efficacy of HCV-Specific CD8(+) T Cells Ex Vivo. Gastroenterology. 144(2):426-36.
Bengsch B*, Jo J*, Seigel B*, Rau SJ*, Schmidt J, Bisse E, Aichele P, Aichele U, Joeckel L, Royer C, Ferreira KS, Borner C, Baumert TF, Blum HE, Lohmann V, Fischer R, Thimme R. 2012. Low perforin ex-pression of early differentiated HCV-specific CD8+ T cells limits their hepatotoxic potential. J Hepatol 57(1):9-16
Bengsch B*, Seigel B*, Ruhl M, Timm J, Kuntz M, Blum HE, Pircher H, Thimme R. 2010. Coexpression of PD-1, 2B4, CD160 and KLRG1 on exhausted HCV-specific CD8+ T cells is linked to antigen recogni-tion and T cell differentiation. PLoS Pathog 6:e1000947.
Boettler T, Panther E, Bengsch B, Nazarova N, Spangenberg HC, Blum HE, Thimme R. 2006. Expres-sion of the interleukin-7 receptor alpha chain (CD127) on virus-specific CD8+ T cells identifies function-ally and phenotypically defined memory T cells during acute resolving hepatitis B virus infection. J Virol 80(7):3532-40